Some examples could include:
- Visual Impairment
- Hard of hearing
- Severe cognitive delay
- Serious physical disability / impairment
- Significant / complex health related conditions
- Multiple disabilities
Some low incidence disabilities may present unique challenges related to providing staff who are trained and qualified to assess those particular students and provide them with instruction and services. However, these students have the same right to a free appropriate public education under the I.D.E.A. as any other eligible student.
The fact that a student is categorized as having a "low incidence" disability cannot be the basis of a determination that he/she should be removed from the regular educational environment. Rather,
"the process for determining the educational placement for children with low-incidence disabilities is the same process used for determining the educational placement for all children with disabilities. That is, each child's educational placement must be determined on an individual case-by-case basis depending on each child's unique educational needs and circumstances, rather than by the child's category of disability." Comments and discussion to 2006 IDEA Part B Regulations, 71 Fed. Reg. 46586 (2006).