Under the IDEA's Definitions, "the term `supplementary aids and services' means aids, services, and other supports that are provided in regular education classes or other education-related settings to enable children with disabilities to be educated with nondisabled children to the maximum extent appropriate..." 20 U.S.C. section 1401(33).
The "Least Restrictive Environment" ("LRE") mandate of the IDEA requires that the school district ensure that "special classes, separate schooling, or other removal of children with disabilities from the regular education environment occurs only if the nature or severity of the disability is such that education in regular classes with the use of supplementary aids and services cannot be achieved satisfactorily." 34 C.F.R. section 300.114(a)(2)(ii). In making decisions regarding placement in the LRE, the District must consider the full range of supplementary aids and services that if provided would enable the child to participate in the general education environment to the maximum extent appropriate. See 34 C.F.R. section 300.115(b)(2). Required IEP content includes a "statement of the special education and related services and supplementary aids and services... to be provided to the child, or on behalf of the child... to advance appropriately towards attaining the annual goals, to be involved in and make progress in the general education curriculum... and to be educated and participate with other children with disabilities and nondisabled children..." 34 C.F.R. section 300.320(a)(4).
In short, supplementary aids and services are supports designed to enable the child to participate in the LRE.
Some examples of supplementary aids and services to facilitate placement in the LRE include:
- Adult assistance or aide support to facilitate appropriate classroom behaviors
- Adult assistance or aide support to facilitate social interactions
- Consultation by service providers or therapists (i.e. OTs, speech pathologists, etc) with teachers about a child's needs
- In-service trainings to teachers and staff
- Services and training by an inclusion specialist
- Curriculum adaptations and modifications
- Adapted materials
- Classroom accommodations